Myth: Carbohydrates are fattening
Carbohydrates alone do not cause weight gain – they have the same energy value as protein and only half as much as fat. It’s the total amount of energy (kilojoules or calories) you eat that counts.
Myth: Avoid all carbohydrate foods at night
There is no solid evidence to back up an evening ban on carbohydrate foods including bread, pasta and rice.1 In fact a recent study suggests that eating carbohydrates at dinner might have an advantage for weight loss.2 In another study eating breakfast cereal instead of evening snacks helped with weight loss.3
Myth: Higher protein weight loss diets, mean avoiding all carbohydrate foods
Research shows that higher protein weight loss diets have short term advantages for weight loss. However, effective higher protein diets still contain moderate amounts of carbohydrate foods including grain foods.4
For more information on grain foods and weight loss visit www.glnc.org.au/grainsthewholestory
- Madzima T et al. Night-time consumption of protein or carbohydrate results in increased morning resting energy expenditure in active college-aged men. British Journal of Nutrition. 2013;1-7.
- Sofer, S et al. Greater weight loss and hormonal changes after 6 months diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner. 2011 Oct;19(10):2006-14.
- Waller SM et al. Evening ready-to-eat cereal consumption contributes to weight management. Journal of the American College of Nutrition2004; 23(4):316-321.
- Wycherley, T et al. Effects of energy-restricted high-protein, low-fat compared with standard-protein, low-fat diets: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. AJCN. October 24, 2012